Every Aramaic speaking person of the region, including mostly Christians, but also Jews and Nazoreans, understood “mother” as a reference to the Holy Spirit, as it is still used today among Aramaic speaking Christians, such as Chaldeans. Support for this … Continue reading

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Innamā ʾl-aʿmāl bi ʾn-niyyāt

One of the most famous traditions within the canonical Arabo-Islāmic collections is the tradition about actions being judged by their intentions. Contrary to common belief, this oft-quoted tradition has not reached the level of mass-transmission (tawātur) as defined by the … Continue reading

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The Late Dating of the Collection of the Qurʾān: A Critique of the Hypothesis of John Wansbrough

The aim of this article is to scrutinize the view of John Wansbrough in regards to the late codification of the Qurʾān and those who adhere to similar views. Although this article is mainly aimed to attack the hypothesis of … Continue reading

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Koranen och dess integritet (Svenska/Swedish)

Koranen är namnet på Islams heliga källskrift. De kronologiska uppgifterna rörande arabiska förhållanden framför att uppenbarelserna upptecknades i skrift under apostelns livstid utav hans meningsfränder då kapitlen blev alltför längre.[1] I detta avseende var antalet anhängare som skrev ned verserna … Continue reading

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Muḥammad as an Epithet for Jesus: A Refutation of the Hypothesis of Ohlig, Popp, and Luxenburg

Some members of the Inârah Institute have doubted the historical existence of the Prophet of Islām, Muḥammad, arguing that the name muḥammad is symbolic. The idea that the Prophet of Islām was not called Muḥammad did not arise from the … Continue reading

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